The city of Marrakech is the first tourist destination of Morocco. It combines tradition, history, great atmosphere and a beautiful sun. It is located in southern Morocco at the foot of the Atlas Mountains. It is nicknamed the Red City in reference to the red color of the walls of its buildings and houses and also the color of the city walls. It is one of the historic capitals of Morocco under the reign of several dynasties. The city was founded in 1071 by Youssef Ibn Tachfin, at the head of the Berber empire of the Almoravids. In the past, Morocco was known in the East as Marrakech (still relevant in Iran); the name Morocco comes from the deformation of the Portuguese pronunciation of Marrakech: Marrocos. Marrakech is the fourth largest city in the kingdom after Casablanca, Rabat and Fez. It is located 327 km south of the capital Rabat and 239 km south of Casablanca.
Merzouga is a small village located in southeastern Morocco in the Tafilalt Region. It is about 55 kilometers from Erfoud and 35 kilometers southeast of Rissani. The village is not too far from the Algerian borders (about fifty kilometers). The village is known for its proximity to Erg Chebbi: an extensive sand dunes in ocher color. He is the largest erg in the Sahara in Morocco with the highest dunes. There are years when, in spring, a seasonal lake arises, to the north-west of the village, attracting different species of birds, including flamingos and other freshwater birds. It is for this reason that a part of the routes of many tourists who visit Morocco passes by this locality. The activities offered to tourists are trekking by camel, bivouac in the desert, quad and, in summer, arenotherapy (or sand bath).
Ifrane is a town in Morocco, with a population of 30,000 and situated in the Middle Atlas at an altitude of 1,713 meters. It is the capital of the province of Ifrane, in the region of Fes-Meknes. In 2013, the city was ranked second cleanest city in the world. In Amazigh, ifran means caves (in the plural). The region is known for its natural caves dug in the Jurassic carbonate layer in the form of karts, which extend to the regions of El Hajeb and Sefrou. The development of Ifrane and its region owes much to the natural potentialities, particularly cedar, and this, since the period of the protectorate of Morocco. This city is known for its natural beauty throughout the year, and especially in winter thanks to the snowfall. Indeed, there are two ski resorts in the vicinity of the city: Michlifen and Habri.
Tetouan (or Tittawin) is a city located in northern Morocco. It lies about 60 km east of the city of Tangier and 40 km south of the Spanish exclave of Ceuta (Sebta) and the Strait of Gibraltar in the far north of the Rif Mountains. In 2014 the city had 463,968 inhabitants. In 1913 Tetouan became the capital of the Spanish protectorate of Morocco. It remained as a capital until 1956, when Morocco regained its full independence.
Arfoud or Erfoud is a city of Morocco located in the region of Drâa-Tafilalet south of Errachidia. It is located in an immense oasis north of Rissani (ancient Sijilmassa), the cradle of the Alawite dynasty. This city is relatively new. It was founded in 1913 by the French. From 2010, the International Dates Show will be held to close the harvest in October. In addition this city is rich geologically, thanks to the plurality of fossils in its region.
Agadir is a town in the south-west of Morocco. Its name in tamazight means: fortified collective granary. It is located on the Atlantic coast in the Souss region, 235 km west of Marrakech. It is a popular seaside resort which is the second tourist city of Morocco after Marrakech.
Dakhla is a town located in the provinces of Sahara Maroccain since its liberation from the Spanish occupation in 1975. It is an urban commune (municipality), capital of the province of Oued Ed Dahab, within the Dakhla-Oued Ed Dahab Region. It is known for its tourist attractions and ranked since 2014 at the forefront of water sports spots on a global scale. It is also known for maritime fishing activity.
Zagora is a town in the Draa River valley in the Drâa-Tafilalet region of southeastern Morocco. It is flanked by the mountain Zagora from which the town got its name. On the top of the Zagora mountain the remains of an Almoravid fortress can still be seen. Languages spoken in the city include Moroccan Arabic, Tachelhit and Tamazight. A well-known sign at the town border states "Tombouctou 52 days", the supposed time it takes to get to Timbuktu, Mali on foot or camel.
M'Hamid El Rhozlane, formerly Taragalte, is a town located in the province of Zagora in the Drâa-Tafilalet region. Its name would mean "the plain of gazelles" and would be linked to the presence, formerly, of gazelles. It was once an important step in the trans-Saharan trade. It is a starting point for excursions in the desert, especially towards the dunes of the erg Chegaga. Since 2003, the International Festival of Nomads takes place there in March.
Laayoune, which literally means "sources" in Arabic, is the most important city of the Moroccan Sahara. It is located on the Atlantic coast, 500 km south of Agadir on the road to Dakhla. It was liberated by Morocco from the Spanish occupation in 1975. It is the chief town of the province of Laayoune (one of the "southern provinces"), in the region Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra.