Bordeaux is a city in south-western France, located near the Atlantic coast, prefecture of the Gironde department and chief town of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is the capital of ancient Guyenne and part of Gascony's cultural and linguistic, Bordeaux is located on the edge of the Landes de Gascogne. The city is known throughout the world for Bordeaux wines and the Bordeaux vineyards, especially since the eighteenth century, which was a true golden age. In June 2007, part of the city, the Port of the Moon (Port de la Lune), was inscribed on the World Heritage List by the World Heritage Committee, designated by the UNESCO General Assembly. The city is crossed by the Garonne. It is a port accessible to ocean-going ships, especially used by large cruise ships. The Port of the Moon is used mainly for tourist activity.
Madrid is the capital city of the Kingdom of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has a population of almost 3.2 million with a metropolitan area population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union (EU) after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU after those of London and Paris. The municipality itself covers an area of 604.3 km2 (233.3 sq mi).
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans, who named it Londinium. London's ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries. Since at least the 19th century, "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between Middlesex, Essex, Surrey, Kent, and Hertfordshire, which today largely makes up Greater London, governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.